Visit Lisciano Niccone
Lisciano Niccone is a small village and not traditionally part of the 'tourist trail', with agriculture the most important industry here, but if you are exploring the region you can visit to see the ruins of the castle in Lisciano Niccone.
The village is also part of the region designated as the Archaeological Park of Cortona.
Explore Lisciano Niccone
Your visit will naturally divide into two parts: exploring the village itself, and then spending some time discovering the natural environment of the surrounding area. Within Lisciano Niccone itself the main places of interest are the remains of the ancient castle and the Churches of Saint Thomas and Saint Nicholas.
The castle of Lisciano Niccone dates back to the 9th century when the whole area was fortified to protect the border areas, villas, and major roads. The fortresses such as the one in Lisciano took on an important strategic and military defensive role.
Today there are only a few remains of the fortress, which was built with imposing walls and which was originally in a different location from the site where Lisciano Niccone is now situated:
"Lisciano Niccone was an important castle near the border with the territory of Arezzo. Today there are only a few traces of the original settlement. However, It is conceivable that the castle was not located in the place now called Lisciano Niccone, but about 1.250 Km to the east, at an altitude of 508 metres where, around a church, there are some remains of a walled circular settlement" (Grohmann, p. 162).
Grohmann also pointed out the presence of a church:
"The parish church, dedicated to St. Thomas, is documented since the 14th century as being dependent on the Monastery of Santa Maria di Petroia (…) even on an isolated mountain, we find unknown works of art worthy of a visit".
Restoration of the Church of St. Thomas has brought to light three paintings dating back to the late sixteenth century which are now exposed in the church of Santa Maria delle Corti at Lisciano Niccone and depicting Christ, the Madonna and a Hermit.
As an example of an 'isolated church with works of art that deserve a visit' as mentioned above visit the Church of St. Nicholas in Rose Valley, a small village not far from Lisciano Niccone, where there is a remarkable work in tempera on panel depicting the "Madonna between Saint Nicholas of Bari, Saint Bucarello and Saint Romuald", an altarpiece attributed to Eusebio da San Giorgio*.
Archaeological park of Cortona
Before 1202, when the control of Lisciano Niccone passed to Perugia (See also history of Lisciano Niccone) and also for some years in the 14th century, Lisciano was subjected to control by nearby Cortona. Today this historical situation is repeated, in the sense that Lusciano Niccone is part of the Archaeological Park of Cortona, which extends to Città di Castello, Umbertide, Lisciano Niccone and Castiglione del Lago.
The Archaeological Park is characterized by an extraordinary richness in flora and fauna, such as forests of oak, beech and chestnut. Among the many species that you may come across are sparrow hawks, pheasant, partridges, woodcock, turtle doves, and owls, while among the mammals there are wild boars, squirrels, porcupines, otters, weasels, hedgehogs, hares, mice and foxes.
In the hills above 300 meters altitude olive cultivation is practiced, but a crop more characteristic of Lisciano Niccone is chestnuts, which were an essential food in the lives of rural populations in the Middle Ages. An example of the important role that the chestnut played in the Upper Tiber Umbrian territories is the crest of Lisciano Niccone which depicts a large chestnut tree, which was significantly described as the 'bread tree'.
Where is Lisciano Niccone?
Lisciano Niccone is a village in the Umbria region of central Italy, to the north-west of Perugia.
Map of Lisciano Niccone and places to visit
Lisciano Niccone places to visit
See more places nearby in the Umbria guide