In southern Italy, the Campania region contains some of the greatest and most famous sites in the country, with the area along the coast and the nearby islands being especially renowned (and popular with visitors).
The name Campania originally meant the 'plain' (from the Latin 'campus'), that the Romans called 'Campania Felix' for its fertility - the Campania Felix is the most important italian region for the production of tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, beans, apricots, cherries, figs, walnuts and hazelnuts.
Central to the region is Naples - a noisy, bustling city it has several important treasures to discover - including pizzas! Close to Naples the ancient city of Cuma was the original settlement of the first Greek settlers in the region.
If you are still seeking more great Roman monuments continue inland to discover Trajan's Arch at Benevento.
To the south-east of Naples is the incredible town of Pompeii, buried by a volcanic eruption almost 2000 years ago, and now excavated to reveal the secrets of living in those times. See also Herculaneum, another impressive excavation just outside Naples. Slightly further south-east again, Salerno has some interesting historical buildings to discover.
In contrast to the bustle of Naples, the coast off Campania includes the islands of Capri and Ischia and Procida - each popular with visitors, and very scenic.
If that isn't enough scenic beauty, continue southwards along to the Amalfi coast - an exceptionally beautiful stretch of rocky coastline south of Sorrento that is unmissable when you are in the area, including the towns of Positano and Amalfi (be sure to also visit nearby Atrani) and Ravello.
To the south of the region, the Greek temples at Paestum are a stunning site to discover, with the Greek-Roman ruins at Elea - Velia (near Novi Velia) being another highlight, while a little way west of here the ancient town of Roccagloriosa and the village at Rivello are also recommended, also the seaside resort and historical town of Policastro Bussentino.
The towns of Cerreto Sannita and Sant'Agata de 'Goti in Campania are listed among the 'Orange flag towns in Italy'(a national tourist award)