Ispica is Sicilian town, situated on a hill in the south-eastern corner of the island, at about 200 meters above sea level (the sea is about six kilometers away).
Although Ispica is especially well known for the extensive prehistoric cave system it also has a couple of churches and palaces that are rather remarkable from the artistic point of view, so your visit can start with them.
The Basilica of Santa Maria was re-built after an earthquake in 1704. The first financial contributions for the rebuild came from the Prince Francesco V Statella (1654-1710), to whom Ispica owes much of the reconstruction of the city and other churches.
The façade is of great importance, with Corinthian pilasters and two bell towers influenced by the Baroque style. The artistic value of the church comes from the 13 large panels of stucco that decorate the nave, transept and chapel.
Dating from the 18th century these stucco works are probably the most significant work by Giuseppe Gianforma (active between 1740 and 1770).
Also very special in the church are some oil paintings such as the 'Annunciation' and the 'Adoration of the Magi". We should also mention the picture of "St. Andrew Avellino", attributed to Caravaggio (1571-1610), and the 'Annunciation’.
The ancient church of S. Bartholomew was probably built after the Norman conquest. In 1547 it was rebuilt by Isabella Caruso, then again also after the earthquake.
Outside it has a double staircase and the façade has late-baroque and neoclassical motifs, while inside there are three-naves divided by pillars of the Tuscan order. An art work of importance in the church is the substantial "San Bartolomeo".
Among the civil buildings of note in Ispica, in particular we must mention the Bruno Palace, designed by Ernesto Basile (1857-1932), which is in the liberty style, but using motifs from Gothic style.
In the center of Ispica there are also several other palaces, the oldest of which is thought to be that of the Statella family, again built after the earthquake - the main entrance with two columns can be seen.
From the first half of the 18th century are the Favi Palace, which was damaged by the earthquake of 1727, and the Alfieri Gambuzza Palace, with some frescos by Francesco Sozzi (1732-1795).
Further palaces were built in the late 19th century in the neoclassical style by Carlo Di Gregorio (1836-1899), while others were built in the early decades of the 20th century in the Art Nouveau style.
Ispica is well known for its extensive prehistoric monuments, which are the main attraction in the region.
Among these is the famous 'Cava Ispica', 13 kilometres long and with evidence of occupation during various times in history: there are caves that were inhabited by the Sicules in the Bronze Age; the Christian catacombs of the late Roman Empire (4th-5th century AD); the rock frescoes of the "Grotto of the Saints"; and the ruins of the Byzantine church of St. Pancrati.
Also remarkable is the catacomb of Larderia, an underground cemetery which contains over 400 graves. Along the valley there are hundreds of natural caves carved into the rock. Many of these caves are close together and linked by tunnels in the rocky walls.
Also famous and of historical interest is the so-called Sicano Castle, built into the rock and a veritable fortress carved into a limestone cliff that plunges steeply down over 30 metres. It presents a series of excavations of prehistoric, early Christian and medieval rock art, although partially destroyed and difficult to read.
In particular you can distinguish two large rock clusters located at both ends of the valley, spread over several levels along the rock walls and connected by winding roads that follow the rocky wall.
These are in a zone with easier access and a greater presence of water, with lush vegetation fed by springs that flow into the river “Pernazzoni”. At one time these were used, through canals dug into the rock, to irrigate the vegetable gardens and citrus groves of the valley.
To the north of here is the so-called Cave of Ispica while to the south is Spaccaforno: this complex includes a residential 'block' and an inaccessible tower called the 'Force'.
In the low Ispica Cave is the Fortilitium, or the ancient 'castle of the Statella'. This rocky outcrop was the site of the residence of the important Statella family from the 14th century onwards. Next to the castle stood the ancient village of Spaccaforno, which was destroyed, together with the Fortilitium by the earthquake of 1693.
The area around the Cave also has a lush vegetation, home to several species of birds, and therefore has considerable importance from the naturalistic side.
When in Ispica we can not forget that we are in an area with quite high winter average temperatures and fertile land, so for an extended season you can enjoy the famous beaches of Santa Maria del Focallo and Ciriga, and the natural oasis of “Pantano Longarini”.
While sampling the local produce don't overlook the renowned "carrots of Ispica", which have known worldwide success because of their early ripening, color and flavor and are now an important export from the region!
See also Ispica history and etymology.