The island of Favignana is situated just off the westernmost tip of Sicily (from Trapani and Marsala) - more precisely, it is part of a small group of islands that includes Favignana itself, Marettimo and Levanzo, which together form the largest part of the Aegadian islands.
A visit to Favignana might begin with the Underwater Archaeological Museum of Favignana. The museum is located in the cottage of the Florio and organized with panels and captions, graphics and reconstructions. The public can listen to the reconstruction of the history of the Aegadian Islands in videos.
A particularly interesting part of the museum is dedicated to local finds such as lead and lytic anchors, and Greek-Italic amphorae from the Hellenistic and late Punic-Roman age.
However, there is no doubt that the real attraction of Favignana is constituted by its caves, explored a few years ago and where important finds have been discovered that date back to the Punic age (the Punic culture originated in Carthage around 800 BC). The caves are important both for their scenic value and for their historic importance (see Favignana caves and inscriptions for details of the inscriptions).
Around Favignana it was historically the tufa (a local soft rock) that provided the local industry, both in Roman times and then from the 17th century on, since when it has been much used as building material.
As a result of this local geology there are numerous tufa caves, such as the coastal caves of Saint Nicola, which are now a tourist attraction. Along the coast of south-east Favignana there are also the Grotta Perciata and Cala Azzurra, each of considerable beauty.
Finally, towards the interior of the island, there is a fort at Mount Saint Catherine, from where you can enjoy a panoramic view of the countryside, the port and the tufa caves. A part of the fort dates from the Phoenician era, as well as parts of Roman origin and some mosaics of Roman imperial origin near the Cave of St. Nicholas.
The landscape of Mediterranean bush covers vast areas with thistles, prickly pear and agaves, which give the landscape a unique charm.
A boat trip around the coast of Favignana allows you to explore the sea caves, and the beaches (of both sand and rock). For those who love diving there are also many schools equipped for sport diving on the island of Favignana.
Finally, your visit should include a visit to a restaurant to enjoy one of the many typical dishes of the region. Tuna is a regional speciality, reflected in many of the recipes - these include tuna steaks, sausages, and meatballs or tuna grilled and mixed with potatoes. If you prefer to enjoy the typical cuisine of the Aegadian Islands, we suggest the lobster and the cous cous, very widely available on Favignana.
See also Favignana history and etymology.